Ge Germanium Single Crystals and Wafers

  • Germanium wafer,Ge wafer,Germanium wafer price

    Ge(Germanium) Single Crystals and Wafers PAM-XIAMEN offers semiconductor materials,single crystal (Ge)Germanium Wafer grown by VGF LEC Category: Germanium Wafer Tags: Germanium solor cell , Germanium wafer , Germanium wafer price , Solar cell wafers

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  • Ge(Germanium) Single Crystals and Wafers

    Ge(Germanium) Single Crystals and Wafers. PAM-XIAMEN offers semiconductor materials,single crystal (Ge)Germanium Wafer grown by VGF LEC. Recent Posts. What is the Key Parameters of SiC Epitaxial Wafer? 2020-09-22. Why do We Need Silicon Carbide Epitaxial Wafer? 2020-09-22.

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  • Ge(germanium) Single Crystals And Wafers - Buy

    Ge(germanium) Single Crystals And Wafers , Find Complete Details about Ge(germanium) Single Crystals And Wafers,Germanium Wafers,Ge Wafer,Ge Wafers Ge Window from Lenses Supplier or Manufacturer-Changchun Worldhawk Optics Co., Ltd.

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  • ge germanium wafer, ge germanium wafer Suppliers

    Ge(Germanium) Single Crystals and Wafers. US 40.00-54.00 Piece 5 Pieces (Min. Order) 10 YRS . Changchun Worldhawk Optics Co., Ltd. (29) 91.2% ' Fast delivery ' (29) ' Good service ...

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  • Ge(Germanium) Single Crystals and Wafers

    2013-7-23 · Ge(Germanium) Single Crystals and Wafers General Properties Structure Cubic, a = 5.6754 Å Density: 5.765 g/cm3 Melting Point: 937.4 oC Thermal Conductivity: 640 General Properties N P Resistivity, cm-1 >35 < 0.05 0.05 - 0.1 Conductive Type EPD < 4x103/cm2 < 4x103/cm2 < 4x103/cm2 Crystal Grades and Application

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  • Germanium Single Crystal Substrate Suppliers/Mfgrs,

    Germanium (Ge) Substrates Vital manufactures Low EPD (etch pit density) or even Zero EPD Ge substrates, supplied in diameters from 2' up to 6' with a Resistivity from 0.005 Ω·cm to over 50Ω·cm. Monocrystalline Ge wafers are an important semiconductor substrate material.High quality substrates are used in Concentrator Photovoltaic power stations (CPV), outer-space solar cell panels and ...

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  • Germanium (Ge) single crystal buy,price,suppliers ...

    Germanium semiconductor crystals material. Welcome to order various sizes and specifications of Germanium single crystal. Optical grade germanium crystal 2-14μm wave band has an excellent permeation performance, which are widely used as an optical element in thermal imaging systems. We can according to customer needs to provide a diameter up ...

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  • MgO /Ge,Germanium,Single Crystal Wafers and

    2016-11-25 · MgO Single Crystal Wafers and Substrates/氧化鎂 單晶晶片及基板 Growth method Crystal structure Arc Fusion /Cubic Orientation <100> , <110> , <111> Wafer Size 1 inch. 1.5 inch /2 inch.

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  • Germanium (Ge) Wafers for Research & Production

    2020-9-17 · Germanium wafers in stock in small quantities and large. Some Specs of our Electrical Grade Germanium. Material: VGF Ge Single Crystal Wafer

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  • Ge Germanium Crystal Substrate– MSE Supplies LLC

    Shop Ge Germanium wafers and crystals substrates. Main Product Parameters Growth method Czochralski method Crystal structure M3 Unit cell constant a=5.65754 deg? Density 5.323g/cm3 Melt point 937.4ƒ?oped material Undoped Sb - doped In Ga - doped Type N N P Resistivity ‹¬?35??cm 0.05??cm 0.05~0.1??cm

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  • ge germanium wafer, ge germanium wafer Suppliers

    Ge(Germanium) Single Crystals and Wafers. US 40.00-54.00 Piece 5 Pieces (Min. Order) 10 YRS . Changchun Worldhawk Optics Co., Ltd. (29) 91.2% ' Fast delivery ' (29) ' Good service ...

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  • Germanium (Ge) single crystal buy,price,suppliers ...

    Germanium semiconductor crystals material. Welcome to order various sizes and specifications of Germanium single crystal. Optical grade germanium crystal 2-14μm wave band has an excellent permeation performance, which are widely used as an optical element in thermal imaging systems. We can according to customer needs to provide a diameter up ...

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  • Ge Germanium Crystal Substrate– MSE Supplies LLC

    Shop Ge Germanium wafers and crystals substrates. Main Product Parameters Growth method Czochralski method Crystal structure M3 Unit cell constant a=5.65754 deg? Density 5.323g/cm3 Melt point 937.4ƒ?oped material Undoped Sb - doped In Ga - doped Type N N P Resistivity ‹¬?35??cm 0.05??cm 0.05~0.1??cm

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  • MgO /Ge,Germanium,Single Crystal Wafers and

    2016-11-25 · MgO Single Crystal Wafers and Substrates/氧化鎂 單晶晶片及基板 Growth method Crystal structure Arc Fusion /Cubic Orientation <100> , <110> , <111> Wafer Size 1 inch. 1.5 inch /2 inch.

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  • Single Crystals, Wafers and Crystal Substrates,

    MSE Supplies provides both standard and customized high quality single crystals, wafers and substrates for a wide range of applications such as LED, ferroelectric, piezoelectric, electro-optical, photonics, high power electronics, and high frequency power devices, just to name a few.Customized

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  • Growth of heavily-doped Germanium single crystals

    2020-4-1 · Boron (B)-doped Ge crystals were also grown with a diameter of nearly 50 mm. The charge carrier density in the range between 1.5 × 10 14 cm −3 and 6.5 × 10 18 cm −3 was achieved in B-doped 〈1 0 0〉 Ge crystals. Fig. 3a shows one such B-doped crystal (carrier density 1.5 × 10 14 cm −3 to 2.5 × 10 16 cm −3). Because of the very ...

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  • A facility for plastic deformation of germanium single ...

    1997-12-1 · The performance of the finished composite germanium-wafer crystals as monochromators are satisfactory and superior to the old fixed-focusing Riso squashed Ge(3 1 1) monochromator. Powder patterns using the PUS powder diffractometer at Kjeller in Norway for a standard sample gave a gain factor -,- 4, but part of this gain is due to better ...

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  • Equilibrium segregation coefficient and solid solubility ...

    P. Vertical gradient freeze of 4 inch Ge crystals in a heater-magnet module[J]. Journal of Crystal Growth, 2009, 311: 2294-2299. [6] Langheinrich D, Patzold O, Raabe L. VGF growth of germanium single crystals without crucible contact[J]. Journal of ...

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  • Wafer-Scale Growth of Single-Crystal Monolayer

    In germanium (Ge) crystal growth, a serious problem in growing high quality Ge crystals is the formation of germanium-oxide-particles on the melt surface.

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  • MgO /Ge,Germanium,Single Crystal Wafers and

    2016-11-25 · MgO Single Crystal Wafers and Substrates/氧化鎂 單晶晶片及基板 Growth method Crystal structure Arc Fusion /Cubic Orientation <100> , <110> , <111> Wafer Size 1 inch. 1.5 inch /2 inch.

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  • Germanium Single Crystal - Princeton Scientific

    Germanium Single Crystal 32Ge72.59 Discovered in 1886 by C.A. Winkler at Freiburg, Germany [Latin: Germania = Germany] French: germanium German: germanium Italian: germanio Spanish: germanio Description: Ultrapure germanium is a silvery-white brittle metalloid element. It is stable in air and water, is unaffected by acids, except HNO3, and alkalis.

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  • Single Crystals, Wafers and Crystal Substrates,

    MSE Supplies provides both standard and customized high quality single crystals, wafers and substrates for a wide range of applications such as LED, ferroelectric, piezoelectric, electro-optical, photonics, high power electronics, and high frequency power devices, just to name a few.Customized

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  • China Ge Crystal - China Single Crystal Germainum,

    Single Crystal Germainum, Optical Crystal, Laser Windows manufacturer supplier in China, offering Ge Crystal, Ar Coating Dlc Coating Ge Lens/Germanium Lens for Thermal Imaging, D100mm/150mm Large Germanium Windows with Dlc&Ar Coating for Outdoor Thermal Imaging and so on.

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  • Germanium Single Crystals Indium Phosphide Wafer ...

    High quality Germanium Single Crystals Indium Phosphide Wafer Customized Ge Optical Lens 4 6 Inch from China, China's leading Indium Phosphide Wafer product market, With strict quality control Indium Phosphide Wafer factories, Producing high quality Germanium Single Crystals Indium Phosphide Wafer Customized Ge Optical Lens 4 6 Inch products.

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  • Growth of heavily-doped Germanium single crystals

    2020-4-1 · Boron (B)-doped Ge crystals were also grown with a diameter of nearly 50 mm. The charge carrier density in the range between 1.5 × 10 14 cm −3 and 6.5 × 10 18 cm −3 was achieved in B-doped 〈1 0 0〉 Ge crystals. Fig. 3a shows one such B-doped crystal (carrier density 1.5 × 10 14 cm −3 to 2.5 × 10 16 cm −3). Because of the very ...

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  • Germanium - China Germanium Ingot, Ge Ingot

    View reliable Germanium manufacturers on Made-in-China.com. This category presents Germanium Ingot, Ge Ingot, from China Germanium suppliers to global buyers., page 3

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  • GeP crystals - High quality GeP germanium phosphide ...

    Our single crystal GeP (Germanium phosphide) crystals come with guaranteed optical, electronic, and structural anisotropy. They are developed at our facilities using state-of-art flux zone techniques. Each growth takes close to three months to provide you perfected crystals that does not contain any halides.

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  • A facility for plastic deformation of germanium single ...

    1997-12-1 · ELSEVIER Physica B 241 243 (1998) 204 206 A facility for plastic deformation of germanium single-crystal wafers B. Lebecha'*, K. Theodora, B. Breitinga, P.G. Kealeyb, B. Haubackc, J. Lebecha, S.Aa. Sorensena, K.N. Clausena Condensed Matter Physics and Chemistry Department, Riso National UniversiO', Building 108, P.O. Box 49. 4000 Roskilde, Denmark b UniversiO~ qfBirmingham, …

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  • Crystal growth and detector performance of large size HP ...

    2015-5-8 · The growth of HP-Ge crystals in an underground environment is therefore a critical step for underground experiments. The growth of detector-grade HP-Ge crystals has been described by many authors [11-15]. Numerous steps are required to convert bulk germanium into the ultra-pure material used in detectors for rare event experiments.

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  • Ge Crystals, Ge wafers, Ge substrates - Shalom EO-

    Home >> Products >> Wafers and Substrates >> Wafers and Substrates for Semiconductor >> Ge Ge(Germanium) Crystals and Substrates Germanium can be doped with 5-valent elements such as phosphorus, arsenic and antimony (N-type) or 3-valued elements such as boron , aluminum , gallium and indium ( P-type ) and is used extensively as a semiconductor .

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  • Germanium Single Crystal | AMERICAN ELEMENTS

    Germanium (atomic symbol: Ge, atomic number: 32) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 72.63. The number of electrons in each of germanium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 2 .

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  • Germanium Wafer (Ge wafer) | Stanford Advanced

    Germanium Wafer is made up of a thin slice of silicon that can be altered to make it work in different ways for various types of electronics. We produce Germanium Wafers with the highest possible density. Related products: Germanium Crystal Sheet, Copper Germanium (Cu/Ge) Evaporation Materials, Germanium Powder.

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  • Germanium(Ge) window For sale, supplier | Wafer price

    Germanium(Ge) optical window. Material. Single crystal of Germanium(Ge) Other Names. Germanium window substrate, Ge window, Germanium IR window. Crystal structure. Cubic. Applicable wave band. 2μm ~ 14μm. Melting Point. 936℃ Operating temperature <100℃ Crystal properties: Orientation: <111> Conductivity type: N-type Resistivity: 5-40 Ohm ...

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  • Germanium - Roditi

    2020-11-3 · Germanium (Ge) Germainium's transmission from 1.8um to 14um make it a popular material for IR applications such as thermal imaging. Ge's high density compared to other infrared materials make it useful in imaging systems where ruggedness and durability is important, and its fluorite counterparts would suffer damage.

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  • Germanium Wafer | The Different Applications of

    Applications of These Wafers. A germanium wafer is widely used in transistors for various electronic applications. For example, in airport security, Germanium is used to accurately detect radiation sources. Because of this, highly pure germanium crystals are also utilized in gamma spectroscopy detectors.

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  • Germanium - periodictable.ru

    2013-1-17 · Germanium blocks carved from single crystal. Germanium lens for IR optics Germanium ingot (self made). 1'' Germanium wafers. Lithium-Drifted Germanium Detector ( Ge(Li) detector). Left photo - detector in the Al cryostat, to cool it down to nitrogen temperature. Intrinsic Germanium detector (Ultra high purity (UHPGe) Germanium detector).

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  • (PDF) Single crystal growth of germanium - Silicon alloys

    PDF | Germanium-silicon (Ge-Si) alloys enjoy a widespread interest because of their remarkable potential for optoelectronic, solar cell, thermoelectric... | Find, read and cite all the research ...

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  • Equilibrium segregation coefficient and solid solubility ...

    In germanium (Ge) crystal growth, a serious problem in growing high quality Ge crystals is the formation of germanium-oxide-particles on the melt surface.

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  • Germanium Wafer (Ge wafer) | Stanford Advanced

    Germanium Wafer is made up of a thin slice of silicon that can be altered to make it work in different ways for various types of electronics. We produce Germanium Wafers with the highest possible density. Related products: Germanium Crystal Sheet, Copper Germanium (Cu/Ge) Evaporation Materials, Germanium Powder.

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  • Germanium Wafer | The Different Applications of

    Applications of These Wafers. A germanium wafer is widely used in transistors for various electronic applications. For example, in airport security, Germanium is used to accurately detect radiation sources. Because of this, highly pure germanium crystals are also utilized in gamma spectroscopy detectors.

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  • 1 cm size GeTe (germanium telluride) crystals ...

    Our single crystal GeTe (Germanium telluride) crystals come with guaranteed anisotropy, electronic, and optical grade crystal quality. They are developed at our facilities using state-of-art flux zone techniques. Each growth takes close to three months to provide you perfected crystals …

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  • GeS crystals - 1 cm or larger size high quality GeS ...

    GeS (Germanium sulfide) is a 2D semiconductor with 1.65 eV band gap in the bulk form. They exhibit strong in-plane crystalline anisotropy giving rise to highly anisotropic excitons, high carrier mobility channels, and thermal conduction pathways. Theoretically it has been predicted to undergo a structural phase transition around 400 C.

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  • Germanium - periodictable.ru

    2013-1-17 · Germanium blocks carved from single crystal. Germanium lens for IR optics Germanium ingot (self made). 1'' Germanium wafers. Lithium-Drifted Germanium Detector ( Ge(Li) detector). Left photo - detector in the Al cryostat, to cool it down to nitrogen temperature. Intrinsic Germanium detector (Ultra high purity (UHPGe) Germanium detector).

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  • Germanium - Princeton Scientific

    Formula Ge Crystal Growth Growth Method Czochralski, Floating-Zone Max. Diameter (inch) Ø 3“ Crystallographic Properties Crystal Structure cubic Lattice Constant (nm) a = 0.56735 Physical Properties Color metallic Density (g/cm3) 5.32 Melting Point (K) 1210 Thermal Expansion (10-6K-1) 5.75 Thermal Conductivity (VV/mK) 58.8 Band Gap (eV at 273K) 0.67

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  • Germanium Products - vitalchem.com

    Ge is also used electronic applications such as LEDs. A niche application is ultra-high purity single crystal germanium. This is the most pure metal on earth and is used in gamma radiation detectors. Recycling is an important source of germanium with the main source being the optical fiber industry.

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  • Single-crystalline germanium nanomembrane

    To reveal the crystal quality of the Ge membrane, we performed high-resolution x-ray diffraction (HR-XRD) characterization. Figure 1C shows the (004) ω-2θ triple-axis scans. A clear peak at 33.1° (red line) confirms the single crystallinity of transferred Ge membranes ().In comparison, we also examined an evaporated and annealed Ge film with the same thickness.

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  • Flat single crystal Ge membranes for sensors and opto ...

    The single crystal Ge membrane provides an excellent platform for further epitaxial growth or deposition of materials. AB - A thin, flat and single crystal membrane on which to mount sensors is generally required for integration with electronics through standard silicon processing technology.

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  • Current and future Germanium availability from primary

    2014-12-15 · Polished Ge wafers for multilayer solar cells (40% efficiency) Radiation detectors 5 % Detection of gamma radiation, air traffic control Single crystals of ultra-pure Ge Superconductors Melting Ge with metals (Nb 3 Ge) Medicine Chemotherapy, diagnosis Ge-organic compounds 2030-7% p.a.; >200 t in 2030 Increasing demand Decreasing trend

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